Where to go ?
Kultepe (Kanis Karum), which translates literally as “Hill of Ashes”, dates back to 4000 BC and is 20 kilometres (12.4 miles) northeast of Kayseri. It is made up by an Assyrian trading colony called Karum and a tumulus which has a diameter of 500 metres (1640 feet) and stands 22m (72.1ft) high.
The important mosques to be found in Kayseri are Ulu Mosque, Güllük Inn, Hac?k?l?ç, Kurs,unlu and Kale mosques, all situated in the city centre. Avgunlu, Çifte, S?rçal?, S,ah Kutlu Hatun, Ali Cafer, Kös,k vaults as well as Melik Mehmet Gazi and Seyyit Burhanettin mausoleums, also to be found in the heart of the city, are the other main ones.
Hans and Caravanseraies
Karatay Caravanserai: This caravanserai, in the village of Karadayi, was built in 1255 by one of the Seljuk viziers, Celalettin Karatay. Reliefs on the mausoleum and columns are great examples of Seljukian masonry.
What to visit ?
Cappadocia is a region in central Turkey that makes up a large part of Nevs,ehir Province. The name was traditionally used in Christian sources throughout history and is still widely used as an international tourism concept to define a region of exceptional natural wonders, in particular characterised by fairy chimneys and a unique historical and cultural heritage. The term, as used in tourism, roughly corresponds to present-day Nevs,ehir Province.
Cappadocia’s limits are debated. In the time of Herodotus (fifth century BC), the Cappadocians were reported as occupying the whole region from Mount Taurus to the vicinity of the Euxine (Black Sea). As such, Cappadocia was bordered in the south by the chain of Mount Taurus, to the east by the Euphrates, to the north by Pontus, and to the west by Lake Tuz, in Central Anatolia. But Strabo, the only ancient author to provide a major account of the area, may have greatly exaggerated its dimensions. It is now believed that Cappadocia realistically was an area stretching 400km (248.5m) from east to west and 200km (124m) from north to south.
The earliest record of the name of Cappadocia dates back to the late sixth century BC, when it appeared in the trilingual inscriptions of two early Achaemenid kings, Darius I and Xerxes, as one of the countries of the Persian Empire. In these lists of countries, the Old Persian name is Katpatuka, clearly not a native Persian name.
Cappadocia was known as Hatti in the late Bronze Age and was the homeland of the Hittite power centered at Hattusa. After the fall of the Hittite Empire and with the decline of the Syro-Cappadocians (Mushki) following their defeat by the Lydian king Croesus in the sixth century, Cappadocia was ruled by a sort of feudal aristocracy, dwelling in strong castles and keeping the peasants in a servile condition, which later made them apt for foreign slavery. It was included in the third Persian satrapy in the division established by Darius, but continued to be governed by rulers of its own, none apparently supreme over the whole country and all more or less tributaries of the Great King.