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 IOC Code:
 Country: Brasil 
 Continent: Americas
 President: Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
 Capital: Brasilia 
 Main cities: Sao Paulo, Rio de
       Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Salvador,
       Fortaleza, Nova Iguaçu, Recife,
       Curitiba, Pôrto Alegre, Belém,
       Goiâna, Campinas  
 Currency: Real 
 Official languages: Portuguese
 Motto: Order and progress

 Population: 186 405 000
 GDP/inhabitant (in US $): 8 584 
 Density (inhabitants/km2): 22 
 Average age (in years): 27
 Life expectancy (in years): 71.13

 Internet code: .br 
 Calling code: +55
map of Brazil


Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil or República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world in both area and population. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it is the easternmost country of the Americas and it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and the French department of French Guiana. In fact, it borders every South American nation except for Ecuador and Chile. The country's name is generally believed to be derived from pau-brasil (brazilwood), a tree highly valued by early colonists, though some credit the name to a mythical land mentioned in Europe during Middle Ages. Brazil is home to both extensive agricultural lands and rain forests. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, it is South America's leading economic power and a regional leader. Because this country was a former colony of Portugal, Portuguese is its official language. Brazil has the world's 2nd largest Christian population (151 million, behind the United States), and also is the world's largest Roman Catholic-majority nation in terms of both number of adherents and land mass --- a strong cultural legacy left behind by the Roman Catholic Portuguese colonists.