Gamecenter Player Profile
Christopher William ENSMINGER | Season 2012/2013
Position : 5
Size : 210
Date of Birth : 08/12/1973
Nationality : USA
Current Team : Telekom Baskets Bonn, Telekom Baskets
Current League : Germany: BEKO Bundesliga, EuroChallenge
GP MIN POINTS REBOUNDS ASSISTS
34 18.6 8 4.9 0.9
Player Statistics for :
Game by Game Accumulated Stats Season-Highs
Telekom Baskets
      FG 2 points 3 points FT Rebounds  
vs MIN M/A % M/A % M/A % M/A % O D Tot AST TO ST BS PF Pts Ef
Krasnye Krylia
(85-95) EuroChallenge
on 14/03/2013 14 4/5 80 4/5 80 0/0 0 0/0 0 0 2 2 1 2 0 0 3 8 8.0
Krasnye Krylia
(60-80) EuroChallenge
on 12/03/2013 18 3/9 33.3 3/9 33.3 0/0 0 2/3 66.7 4 4 8 0 3 1 0 3 8 7.0
Tsmoki Minsk
(86-72) EuroChallenge
on 26/02/2013 16 5/7 71.4 5/7 71.4 0/0 0 0/0 0 1 1 2 3 2 1 0 2 10 12.0
EWE Baskets
(92-88) EuroChallenge
on 19/02/2013 16 3/4 75 3/4 75 0/0 0 4/5 80 1 2 3 1 1 0 0 2 10 11.0
Okapi Aalstar
(85-72) EuroChallenge
on 06/02/2013 21 3/4 75 3/4 75 0/0 0 1/2 50 1 6 7 2 2 0 0 2 7 12.0
Tsmoki Minsk
(70-74) EuroChallenge
on 29/01/2013 18 1/4 25 1/4 25 0/0 0 1/2 50 1 3 4 0 2 0 0 2 3 1.0
EWE Baskets
(65-82) EuroChallenge
on 23/01/2013 18 0/1 0 0/1 0 0/0 0 2/2 100 2 7 9 0 0 0 0 2 2 10.0
Okapi Aalstar
(65-60) EuroChallenge
on 15/01/2013 15 4/6 66.7 4/6 66.7 0/0 0 2/4 50 3 4 7 1 2 0 0 3 10 12.0
Armia
(102-77) EuroChallenge
on 11/12/2012 22 3/7 42.9 3/7 42.9 0/0 0 2/3 66.7 3 4 7 3 1 0 1 1 8 13.0
Hapoel Holon
(70-75) EuroChallenge
on 05/12/2012 30 5/11 45.5 5/11 45.5 0/0 0 0/0 0 5 5 10 3 2 1 0 3 10 16.0
Armia
(75-71) EuroChallenge
on 20/11/2012 20 4/5 80 4/5 80 0/0 0 7/10 70 2 6 8 1 1 0 0 1 15 19.0
Hapoel Holon
(85-78) EuroChallenge
on 14/11/2012 29 5/12 41.7 5/12 41.7 0/0 0 2/3 66.7 3 4 7 2 1 0 0 4 12 12.0
Antwerp Giants
(81-72) EuroChallenge
on 06/11/2012 25 1/3 33.3 1/3 33.3 0/0 0 3/4 75 0 6 6 0 1 1 0 3 5 8.0
Telekom Baskets Bonn
      FG 2 points 3 points FT Rebounds  
vs MIN M/A % M/A % M/A % M/A % O D Tot AST TO ST BS PF Pts Ef
EWE Baskets Oldenburg
(80-89) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 18/05/2013 10 1/2 50 1/2 50 0/0 0 0/0 0 0 2 2 0 2 0 0 4 2 1.0
EWE Baskets Oldenburg
(88-82) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 15/05/2013 0 0/0 0 0/0 0 0/0 0 0/0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0
EWE Baskets Oldenburg
(67-97) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 11/05/2013 16 3/5 60 3/5 60 0/0 0 1/2 50 1 2 3 2 1 0 0 3 7 8.0
EWE Baskets Oldenburg
(88-80) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 09/05/2013 21 4/8 50 4/8 50 0/0 0 1/5 20 4 1 5 1 1 1 0 2 9 7.0
EWE Baskets Oldenburg
(66-78) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 05/05/2013 19 2/6 33.3 2/6 33.3 0/0 0 2/3 66.7 2 2 4 0 2 1 0 3 6 4.0
FC Bayern Munchen
(103-98) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 27/04/2013 21 2/6 33.3 2/6 33.3 0/0 0 2/3 66.7 4 3 7 0 1 0 1 3 6 8.0
EWE Baskets Oldenburg
(74-84) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 20/04/2013 20 0/3 0 0/3 0 0/0 0 3/4 75 2 7 9 1 2 0 1 3 3 8.0
Alba Berlin
(55-76) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 17/04/2013 11 1/3 33.3 1/3 33.3 0/0 0 1/2 50 1 2 3 1 1 0 0 1 3 3.0
Fraport Skyliners
(81-75) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 13/04/2013 11 1/1 100 1/1 100 0/0 0 0/0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 3.0
Walter Tigers Tubingen
(74-80) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 10/04/2013 7 2/5 40 2/5 40 0/0 0 0/0 0 1 3 4 0 0 0 1 1 4 6.0
Brose Bamberg
(98-93) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 07/04/2013 13 4/8 50 4/8 50 0/0 0 0/0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 3 8 7.0
Phoenix Hagen
(100-95) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 03/04/2013 4 0/0 0 0/0 0 0/0 0 1/2 50 1 0 1 0 2 0 0 1 1 -1.0
Mitteldeutscher BC
(77-71) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 30/03/2013 28 8/11 72.7 8/11 72.7 0/0 0 2/4 50 5 4 9 1 2 0 0 3 18 21.0
Artland Dragons
(75-109) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 16/03/2013 20 5/7 71.4 5/7 71.4 0/0 0 1/1 100 3 4 7 0 0 0 0 1 11 16.0
TBB Trier
(68-70) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 09/03/2013 18 3/9 33.3 3/9 33.3 0/0 0 0/0 0 3 0 3 0 1 0 0 2 6 2.0
LTi Giessen 46ers
(94-56) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 03/03/2013 22 5/9 55.6 5/9 55.6 0/0 0 0/0 0 3 8 11 2 0 0 1 2 10 20.0
Alba Berlin
(60-71) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 24/02/2013 17 2/6 33.3 2/6 33.3 0/0 0 5/6 83.3 3 2 5 1 1 0 1 2 9 10.0
Neckar RIESEN Ludwigsburg
(75-68) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 16/02/2013 26 3/6 50 3/6 50 0/0 0 2/3 66.7 3 8 11 3 1 1 0 3 8 18.0
ratiopharm Ulm
(99-94) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 09/02/2013 18 0/2 0 0/2 0 0/0 0 2/2 100 1 3 4 2 2 0 0 5 2 4.0
s.Oliver Baskets
(74-58) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 02/02/2013 17 2/6 33.3 2/6 33.3 0/0 0 0/0 0 0 3 3 2 0 0 0 3 4 5.0
Eisbaren Bremerhaven
(90-75) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 27/01/2013 22 5/8 62.5 5/8 62.5 0/0 0 0/0 0 1 8 9 4 0 1 0 3 10 21.0
New Yorker Phantoms Braunschweig
(74-64) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 12/01/2013 14 3/7 42.9 3/7 42.9 0/0 0 0/0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 4 6 2.0
BBC Bayreuth
(61-77) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 09/01/2013 15 2/5 40 2/5 40 0/0 0 1/1 100 0 2 2 0 1 0 0 1 5 3.0
TBB Trier
(90-76) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 06/01/2013 19 3/5 60 3/5 60 0/0 0 4/6 66.7 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 5 10 6.0
Phoenix Hagen
(103-101) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 30/12/2012 18 4/10 40 4/10 40 0/0 0 0/0 0 4 2 6 1 1 0 0 2 8 8.0
Walter Tigers Tubingen
(94-96) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 27/12/2012 16 7/10 70 7/10 70 0/0 0 2/3 66.7 2 3 5 0 1 0 0 4 16 16.0
Brose Bamberg
(78-92) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 22/12/2012 17 1/3 33.3 1/3 33.3 0/0 0 3/3 100 0 1 1 1 3 0 0 2 5 2.0
s.Oliver Baskets
(72-85) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 16/12/2012 15 1/6 16.7 1/6 16.7 0/0 0 2/2 100 1 2 3 1 2 0 0 2 4 1.0
FC Bayern Munchen
(91-104) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 09/12/2012 18 2/3 66.7 2/3 66.7 0/0 0 6/8 75 1 4 5 0 1 1 0 4 10 12.0
Neckar RIESEN Ludwigsburg
(100-74) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 02/12/2012 18 2/4 50 2/4 50 0/0 0 2/3 66.7 5 2 7 0 1 0 0 4 6 9.0
LTi Giessen 46ers
(79-88) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 25/11/2012 27 8/8 100 8/8 100 0/0 0 3/5 60 2 3 5 1 1 0 1 4 19 23.0
Eisbaren Bremerhaven
(87-100) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 17/11/2012 29 6/9 66.7 6/9 66.7 0/0 0 3/5 60 2 4 6 1 1 0 0 3 15 16.0
ratiopharm Ulm
(107-103) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 10/11/2012 25 7/8 87.5 7/8 87.5 0/0 0 0/0 0 1 4 5 1 1 0 0 4 14 18.0
EWE Baskets Oldenburg
(90-57) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 03/11/2012 17 3/5 60 3/5 60 0/0 0 4/6 66.7 1 2 3 0 1 0 0 2 10 8.0
Fraport Skyliners
(53-78) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 27/10/2012 15 1/2 50 1/2 50 0/0 0 2/4 50 1 3 4 0 4 0 0 1 4 1.0
Artland Dragons
(67-78) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 21/10/2012 30 3/6 50 3/6 50 0/0 0 8/9 88.9 4 3 7 1 3 0 0 3 14 15.0
New Yorker Phantoms Braunschweig
(83-66) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 13/10/2012 24 3/7 42.9 3/7 42.9 0/0 0 0/3 0 5 2 7 4 0 1 0 2 6 11.0
BBC Bayreuth
(70-78) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 10/10/2012 18 2/8 25 2/7 28.6 0/1 0 4/4 100 5 1 6 0 1 0 0 3 8 7.0
Mitteldeutscher BC
(83-76) Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
on 03/10/2012 22 2/6 33.3 2/6 33.3 0/0 0 2/2 100 1 5 6 0 0 1 0 2 6 9.0
Career Season Averages
  FG 2 points 3 points FT Rebounds  
Season Team G Min M/A % M/A % M/A % M/A % O D Tot AST TO ST BS PF Pts Ef
2006 GHP Bamberg
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
29 25.1 3.6/5.9 60.2 3.6/5.9 60.6 0.0/0.0 0.0 2.7/4.2 63.4 1.8 6.0 7.8 1.0 1.9 0.7 0.4 2.8 9.8 13.9
2007 Brose Baskets Bamberg
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
33 21.9 3.4/6.0 57.1 3.4/6.0 56.9 0.0/0.0 100.0 1.9/3.5 55.3 1.9 4.5 6.4 1.2 1.5 0.6 0.4 3.2 8.8 11.8
2008 Brose Baskets Bamberg
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
26 14.5 2.1/3.8 55.1 2.1/3.8 55.1 0.0/0.0 0 1.3/2.2 57.9 1.0 2.7 3.7 0.3 1.1 0.4 0.2 2.6 5.4 6.3
2010 Telekom Baskets Bonn
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
32 26.7 4.6/8.4 54.4 4.6/8.4 54.9 0.0/0.1 0.0 3.6/4.8 75.3 2.8 5.8 8.6 1.1 1.5 0.3 0.2 2.9 12.8 16.5
2011 Telekom Baskets
EuroChallenge
6 27.8 4.2/8.3 50.0 4.2/8.3 50.0 0.0/0.0 0 1.7/3.7 45.5 2.7 4.2 6.8 0.7 1.5 0.8 0.3 3.0 10.0 11.0
2011 Telekom Baskets Bonn
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
32 27.3 4.6/8.8 51.8 4.5/8.8 51.8 0.0/0.1 50.0 3.2/4.3 75.2 2.7 5.4 8.1 0.8 1.2 0.4 0.3 2.7 12.4 15.3
2011 -- 38 27.4 4.5/8.7 51.5 4.5/8.7 51.5 0.0/0.1 50.0 3.0/4.2 71.1 2.7 5.2 7.9 0.8 1.3 0.5 0.3 2.7 12.0 14.7
2012 Telekom Baskets
EuroChallenge
11 26.6 5.5/9.0 60.6 5.5/9.0 60.6 0.0/0.0 0 1.1/1.5 70.6 2.3 3.9 6.2 1.3 1.6 0.7 0.0 3.1 12.0 14.5
2012 Telekom Baskets Bonn
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
34 28.5 5.4/9.5 57.3 5.4/9.5 57.3 0.0/0.0 0 3.9/5.2 75.3 2.5 5.1 7.6 1.4 1.7 0.4 0.2 2.9 14.8 17.4
2012 -- 45 28.1 5.4/9.4 58.1 5.4/9.4 58.1 0.0/0.0 0 3.2/4.3 74.9 2.4 4.8 7.2 1.4 1.7 0.5 0.2 3.0 14.1 16.7
2013 Telekom Baskets
EuroChallenge
11 20.9 3.1/5.8 53.1 3.1/5.8 53.1 0.0/0.0 0 2.2/3.2 68.6 2.0 4.4 6.4 1.5 1.4 0.3 0.1 2.3 8.4 11.5
2013 Telekom Baskets Bonn
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
34 18.6 3.0/5.9 51.0 3.0/5.9 51.2 0.0/0.0 0.0 1.9/2.7 71.4 1.9 2.9 4.9 0.9 1.1 0.2 0.2 2.6 8.0 9.4
2013 -- 45 19.2 3.0/5.9 51.5 3.0/5.9 51.7 0.0/0.0 0.0 2.0/2.8 70.6 2.0 3.3 5.2 1.0 1.2 0.2 0.2 2.5 8.1 9.9
Career -- 248 23.6 3.9/7.1 55.2 3.9/7.1 55.3 0.0/0.0 28.6 2.6/3.7 68.8 2.1 4.6 6.7 1.0 1.4 0.4 0.3 2.8 10.4 13.1
Career Playoffs Averages
  FG 2 points 3 points FT Rebounds  
Season Team G Min M/A % M/A % M/A % M/A % O D Tot AST TO ST BS PF Pts Ef
2006 GHP Bamberg
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
9 26.0 4.1/7.7 53.6 4.1/7.7 53.6 0.0/0.0 0 3.2/5.0 64.4 2.0 4.8 6.8 1.9 2.2 0.4 0.2 4.1 11.4 13.2
2007 Brose Baskets Bamberg
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
5 29.6 4.2/7.6 55.3 4.2/7.6 55.3 0.0/0.0 0 2.2/5.6 39.3 2.6 6.4 9.0 0.6 1.2 0.6 0.2 3.6 10.6 13.0
2008 Brose Baskets Bamberg
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
4 6.5 0.8/2.8 27.3 0.8/2.8 27.3 0.0/0.0 0 0.3/0.5 50.0 1.0 1.3 2.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 1.3 1.8 1.8
2010 Telekom Baskets Bonn
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
3 25.0 3.7/6.7 55.0 3.7/6.7 55.0 0.0/0.0 0 5.0/7.7 65.2 3.0 4.3 7.3 1.0 1.3 0.0 0.0 4.7 12.3 13.7
2012 Telekom Baskets Bonn
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
4 25.5 5.0/9.0 55.6 5.0/9.0 55.6 0.0/0.0 0 2.8/3.3 84.6 2.5 1.8 4.3 1.0 1.5 0.0 0.0 3.5 12.8 12.0
2013 Telekom Baskets
EuroChallenge
2 16.0 3.5/7.0 50.0 3.5/7.0 50.0 0.0/0.0 0 1.0/1.5 66.7 2.0 3.0 5.0 0.5 2.5 0.5 0.0 3.0 8.0 7.5
2013 Telekom Baskets Bonn
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
5 13.2 2.0/4.2 47.6 2.0/4.2 47.6 0.0/0.0 0 0.8/2.0 40.0 1.4 1.4 2.8 0.6 1.2 0.4 0.0 2.4 4.8 4.0
2013 -- 7 14.0 2.4/5.0 48.6 2.4/5.0 48.6 0.0/0.0 0 0.9/1.9 46.2 1.6 1.9 3.4 0.6 1.6 0.4 0.0 2.6 5.7 5.0
Career -- 32 21.3 3.4/6.5 52.2 3.4/6.5 52.2 0.0/0.0 0 2.3/3.9 58.9 2.0 3.5 5.6 1.0 1.5 0.3 0.1 3.3 9.1 9.8
Career Season Totals
  FG 2 points 3 points FT Rebounds  
Season Team G GS Min M/A % M/A % M/A % M/A % O D Tot AST TO ST BS PF Pts Ef
2006 GHP Bamberg
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
29 26 727 103/171 60.2 103/170 60.6 0/1 0.0 78/123 63.4 52 175 227 30 56 19 13 80 284 13.9
2007 Brose Baskets Bamberg
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
33 17 722 113/198 57.1 112/197 56.9 1/1 100.0 63/114 55.3 63 148 211 41 49 19 13 107 290 11.8
2008 Brose Baskets Bamberg
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
26 5 378 54/98 55.1 54/98 55.1 0/0 0 33/57 57.9 27 70 97 9 28 10 4 67 141 6.3
2010 Telekom Baskets Bonn
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
32 32 853 147/270 54.4 147/268 54.9 0/2 0.0 116/154 75.3 90 184 274 34 47 10 7 94 410 16.5
2011 Telekom Baskets
EuroChallenge
6 5 167 25/50 50.0 25/50 50.0 0/0 0 10/22 45.5 16 25 41 4 9 5 2 18 60 11.0
2011 Telekom Baskets Bonn
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
32 25 875 146/282 51.8 145/280 51.8 1/2 50.0 103/137 75.2 86 172 258 25 39 13 8 85 396 15.3
2011 -- 38 30 1042 171/332 51.5 170/330 51.5 1/2 50.0 113/159 71.1 102 197 299 29 48 18 10 103 456 14.7
2012 Telekom Baskets
EuroChallenge
11 10 293 60/99 60.6 60/99 60.6 0/0 0 12/17 70.6 25 43 68 14 18 8 0 34 132 14.5
2012 Telekom Baskets Bonn
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
34 34 970 185/323 57.3 185/323 57.3 0/0 0 134/178 75.3 85 172 257 49 57 14 8 99 504 17.4
2012 -- 45 44 1263 245/422 58.1 245/422 58.1 0/0 0 146/195 74.9 110 215 325 63 75 22 8 133 636 16.7
2013 Telekom Baskets
EuroChallenge
11 7 230 34/64 53.1 34/64 53.1 0/0 0 24/35 68.6 22 48 70 16 15 3 1 25 92 11.5
2013 Telekom Baskets Bonn
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
34 22 632 103/202 51.0 103/201 51.2 0/1 0.0 65/91 71.4 66 100 166 31 37 6 6 89 271 9.4
2013 -- 45 29 862 137/266 51.5 137/265 51.7 0/1 0.0 89/126 70.6 88 148 236 47 52 9 7 114 363 9.9
Career -- 248 183 5847 970/1757 55.2 968/1750 55.3 2/7 28.6 638/928 68.8 532 1137 1669 253 355 107 62 698 2580 13.1
Career Playoffs Totals
  FG 2 points 3 points FT Rebounds  
Season Team G GS Min M/A % M/A % M/A % M/A % O D Tot AST TO ST BS PF Pts Ef
2006 GHP Bamberg
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
9 9 234 37/69 53.6 37/69 53.6 0/0 0 29/45 64.4 18 43 61 17 20 4 2 37 103 13.2
2007 Brose Baskets Bamberg
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
5 5 148 21/38 55.3 21/38 55.3 0/0 0 11/28 39.3 13 32 45 3 6 3 1 18 53 13.0
2008 Brose Baskets Bamberg
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
4 0 26 3/11 27.3 3/11 27.3 0/0 0 1/2 50.0 4 5 9 1 1 0 0 5 7 1.8
2010 Telekom Baskets Bonn
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
3 3 75 11/20 55.0 11/20 55.0 0/0 0 15/23 65.2 9 13 22 3 4 0 0 14 37 13.7
2012 Telekom Baskets Bonn
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
4 2 102 20/36 55.6 20/36 55.6 0/0 0 11/13 84.6 10 7 17 4 6 0 0 14 51 12.0
2013 Telekom Baskets
EuroChallenge
2 0 32 7/14 50.0 7/14 50.0 0/0 0 2/3 66.7 4 6 10 1 5 1 0 6 16 7.5
2013 Telekom Baskets Bonn
Germany: BEKO Bundesliga
5 4 66 10/21 47.6 10/21 47.6 0/0 0 4/10 40.0 7 7 14 3 6 2 0 12 24 4.0
2013 -- 7 4 98 17/35 48.6 17/35 48.6 0/0 0 6/13 46.2 11 13 24 4 11 3 0 18 40 5.0
Career -- 32 23 683 109/209 52.2 109/209 52.2 0/0 0 73/124 58.9 65 113 178 32 48 10 3 106 291 9.8
Category Value Date Game Score
Points 19 25/11/2012 vs LTi Giessen 46ers 79-88
Minutes 30 05/12/2012 vs Hapoel Holon 70-75
2 Points Made 8  (2 times) 30/03/2013 vs Mitteldeutscher BC 77-71
3 Points Made 0 14/03/2013 vs Krasnye Krylia 85-95
FT Made 8 21/10/2012 vs Artland Dragons 67-78
Offensive Rebounds 5 05/12/2012 vs Hapoel Holon 70-75
Defensive Rebounds 8  (3 times) 03/03/2013 vs LTi Giessen 46ers 94-56
Total rebounds 11  (2 times) 03/03/2013 vs LTi Giessen 46ers 94-56
Assists 4  (2 times) 27/01/2013 vs Eisbaren Bremerhaven 90-75
Fouls 5  (2 times) 09/02/2013 vs ratiopharm Ulm 99-94
Turnover 4 27/10/2012 vs Fraport Skyliners 53-78
Steals 1 12/03/2013 vs Krasnye Krylia 60-80
Blocks 1 11/12/2012 vs Armia 102-77
Efficiency 23.0 25/11/2012 vs LTi Giessen 46ers 79-88